Monday, May 25, 2020
STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT FINAL REPORT Presented by: Dr. Ayesha Ayaz TABLE OF CONTENTS: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3 TIME LINE 3 THE COMPANY: PRESENT AND FUTURE PLANS 4 MISSION STATEMENT 5 DISTRIBUTION: NETWORK OF CHANNELS TO REACH END CONSUMER 5 DOMESTIC ROUTES 6 INTERNATIONAL ROUTES 7 PRODUCT LINE 7 PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE (PLC) 11 SERVICE FACILITIES 11 INDUSTRY ANALYSIS 12 MAJOR COMPETITORS 15 MARKET SIZE AND MARKET GROWTH 18 PAKISTAN/SOUTHWEST ASIA TRAVEL GROWTH FORECAST 20 PAKISTAN DOMESTIC MARKET CAPACITY, TRAFFIC YIELD 20 AIRLINEÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦of Canada. The new Chairman of Shaheen Air, Khalid M Sehbai made a huge Foreign Direct Investment in Shaheen Air with the sole objective to take the airline back to its successful past. Ã · During November 2004, the airline inducted its first Boeing 737-200 Adv for its mains route of Karachi-Lahore-Karachi, at Jinnah International Airport, Karachi and phase out of Rusian aircrafts to improve services and efficiency as oil price were on a rise. Ã · During 2005, the Cargo Division of the airline also grew when it signed an accord with the Pakistan Post and British Airways Cargo to facilitate exporters by airlifting 150 tons of export cargo. For this purpose, Shaheen Air Cargo division had also acquired IL-76 aircraft. The aircraft will be used on Dubai-Karachi routes. The internal two flights on January 3rd and January 5th carried about 100 metric tons export cargo that was delivered at Dubai for onward transportation to Europe and USA by British Airways flights. Ã · In 2006, Shaheen Air International (SAI) became Shaheen Air and the airline introduced a new livery and website to become inline with technological advancement that were taking place in the industry. The airline also introduced flight route of Quetta-Karachi. Ã · On May 22, 2006 The Civil Aviation Authority stopped all flights of Shaheen Air due to its own of million of rupees to the CAA. The management of the airline were pre-informed about CAAs decision andShow MoreRelatedOpen skies policy: In the 1990 the government of Pakistan takes on an open skies aviation policy,1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespassenger kilometers 10,722 million (1998-99) Revenue ton kilometers 1,313 (1998-99) Pakistan is linked to almost all the countries of the world through five international airports: Karachi, Islamabad, Lahore Peshawar and Quetta, Karachi the gateway to Asia has the most up to date airport of the country. For building strong and responsible air transport communications in Pakistan. Which would give significantly to improving the regionÃ¢â¬â¢s logistic, he government of Pakistan in its new national aviationRead MoreThe Constitutional Powers Of Congress1954 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescurrent congress are Jeanne Shaheen from the Democratic Party and Kelly Ayotte from the Republican Party. The Congressional Representatives are both Democrats: Carol Shea-Porter and Ann Kuster. g. Make a chart that compares the 4 members of Congress on the issues and their qualifications for the office. Name of Member View on Issues Qualifications for Office Jeanne Shaheen (D) Shaheen is known for her dedication to improving the lives of the middle class. Senator Shaheen has worked to keep the U.SRead MoreSwot Analysis of Pia5517 Words Ã |Ã 23 PagesRECOMMENDATIONS FORÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 29 PAKISTAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES 14) ReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 32 Executive summary: In 1955 Pakistan International Airline formed. It is the 16th largest airline in Asia, operating scheduled services to 73 destinations throughout Asia, the Middle East, Europe and North America, as well as an extensive domestic network linking 24 destinations. PIA is three stars International Airline. In our report we did SWOT analysis and PEST analysisRead MoreAutomobile Industry - Bailouts, Going Green and Hyundai3290 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagescompany such as GM can be very beneficial in terms of policy-making and product promotion. This creates yet another Ã¢â¬Å"safety netÃ¢â¬ for government owned companies offering arguably mediocre products and services to enjoy. As a response to growing international concern regarding the environment, various programs have been set up around Canada to encourage potential car buyers to purchase Hybrid cars. The most popular, a federal program entitled Ã¢â¬ËecoAutoÃ¢â¬â¢ offered rebates of various sizes depending on theRead MorePak-China Relations1950 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesdiplomatic ties in 1951, China and Pakistan have enjoyed a close and mutually beneficial relationship. Pakistan was one of the first countries to recognize the Peoples Republic of China in 1950 and remained a steadfast ally duri ng Beijings period of international isolation in the 1960s and early 1970s. China has long provided Pakistan with major military, technical, and economic assistance, including the transfer of sensitive nuclear technology and equipment. Some experts predict growing relations betweenRead MoreNuclear Arms Race in South Asia and Its Impact on Regional Security5753 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesunambiguously define the strategic circumstances under which their nuclear arsenal will be used. This should be followed by constructive bilateral talks aimed at arriving at nuclear reduction measures. Role of the United States and Other powers 33. The International community and United States (US) in particular have a moral role to play in reducing tensions in South Asia. For example, the US reluctance to sanction India after its nuclear test in 1974 motivated Pakistan to follow the Indian nuclear exampleRead MoreNo System Can Maintain Efficiency And Sustainability Without A Leader2357 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesare vital to transportation development. CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s Rail Policy and Transportation Act provides subsidies to Canadian rail as Ã¢â¬Å"CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s railways move 75 million people and $250 billion worth of goods every yearÃ¢â¬ ¦ provid[ing] access to national and international markets,Ã¢â¬ ¦[creating] 34,629 jobs in the railway sectorÃ¢â¬ ¦[and] addressing costs associated withÃ¢â¬ ¦urban congestionÃ¢â¬ ¦ accidents and maintenanceÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"The EnvironmentÃ¢â¬ , 2011). Rail is a growing industry and government investments provide stable jobs and disposableRead MoreHotel Management4954 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pagesfirst Pakistani chain which has achieved excellent international standards of quality products and services. In recognition of its highstandard, the Pearl Continental Hotel, Karachi was conferred the prestigiousmembership of the Leading Hotels of the World, an exclusive global organization of deluxe hotels established in 1928.Pearl Continental Hotels, beside in -house reservations network, are also linked withUtell International to have international exposure and overseas reservation network. InvestmentRead MoreCase Analysis : Mumbai Police Arrested Two Girls Shaheen Dhada And Rinu Srinivasan Essay4557 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pages1. BACKGROUND OF THE CASE Mumbai police arrested two girls Shaheen Dhada and Rinu Srinivasan in 2012 for communicating their dismay at a bandh brought in the wake of Shiv Sena boss Bal Thackery s demise. The girls posted their remarks on the Facebook. The arrested girls were discharged later on and it was decided to drop the criminal cases against them yet the arrests of them pulled in across the country protest. It was presumed that the police has abused its authority by invoking Section 66A atRead MoreIntelligent Parking System8531 Words Ã |Ã 35 PagesDetection System will give certain benefits to a few problems faced among drivers nowadays, the benefits offer by this system are as follows; Ã¯ ¶ Allow drivers to immediately find available parking space without wasting time. Ã¯ ¶ Vehicle fuel can be saved and air pollution and carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced. Ã¯ ¶ Wear and tear on vehicles can be reduced where there is no need of frequent maintenance. 2 CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction In the of year 2006, a total of 458,
Thursday, May 14, 2020
A serial killer is a person who kills multiple people in a certain manner, this might include raping, shooting, stabbing, choking, etc. Richard Trenton Chase, most known as Ã¢â¬Å"The Vampire of SacramentoÃ¢â¬ was an American, male serial killer who was responsible for the death of six people within a month in Sacramento, California. He was given the nickname of Ã¢â¬Å"vampireÃ¢â¬ ; he was known for drinking his victims blood and even eat the remains. He was also guilty for going around neighborhoods and trying to open unlocked doors, claiming unlocked doors represented an invitation for the murderer to go in. It was also stated that he had a disturbing childhood which led him to become a sadistic and mental killer, also the cause for developing hypochondriaÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Chase would also hold oranges on top of his head claiming the brain would absorb the vitamin C. He was then diagnosed with schizophrenia and was put under observation, but was then released. Cha se killed his victims in a quite disturbing and inhumane way. His first victim was a 51-year-old, father of two, named Ambrose Griffin. Chase killed his victim in a drive-by shooting in front of his house while helping his wife with groceries. He would then attempt to enter a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s house two weeks later, but her doors were locked, causing Chase to walk away. His second victim was a pregnant woman, Ã¢â¬Å"Using the same gun he used to kill Griffin, he shot Teresa three times, killing her, then raped her corpse while stabbing her several times with a butcher knife. He then removed multiple organs, cut off one of the nipples and drank the blood. Before leaving, he collected dog feces from the yard and stuffed it into the victim s mouth and down her throatÃ¢â¬ (Montaldo, Thoughco). Chase committed his final murders by entering the home of a 38-year-old, he then shot the victims friend and rampaged through the house. He finally shot the victimÃ¢â¬â¢s 6-year-old son and 22-m onth-old nephew. Chase then engaged in necrophilia and cannibalism with the childÃ¢â¬â¢s corpses. Chase was a disorganized, sloppy serial killer. Evidence present in his clothing and the victims house led to his apprehension. He would also leave the murder scene byShow MoreRelatedSerial Killers And Murderers : How Can You Tell A Normal Person?844 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages2016 Serial Killers and Murderers How can you tell a normal person from a person who is chemically imbalanced? When you are walking in a crowd, do you ever wonder what is going on through these peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s minds? Who are they? Have they ever killed anyone? This is what we are going to talk about, the mind of a murderer. There are many types of murderers. There are mass murderers, spree killers, and serial killers. A mass murderer kills multiple people at one time in one place. A spree killer killsRead MoreSerial Murders And The Criminal Justice Field854 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction Serial killings/murders/homicides has been a topic of fascination since even before the. Today, news and media, the psychological field, and the criminal justice field find serial killings intriguing because of the abnormality and unlikelihood of a serial homicide occurring and being linked to one person. Serial homicides are known to be multiple killings by the same killer over a time period- varies from months to years. Ã¢â¬Å" INSERT BOOK DEFINITIONÃ¢â¬ Some of the most infamous serial killers knownRead MoreThe Negative Effects Of Serial Killers1369 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmany different causes for people wanting to commit mass murder (serial killers), but these murders also affect the lives of many other people and their families. There are no positive effects when this happens, there are only negative effects on every person involved. The cause always starts with the serial killer, the victim never causes it. There are multiple effects on the serial killer, victim, the victim Ã¢â¬â¢s family, and the community (Violent Loss). Many serial killers are created due to psychologicalRead MoreThe Murder Of Serial Killers1703 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA grieving mother drapes herself over the casket of her deceased son. The 14 year old had fallen victim to one of the most infamous serial killers in history, Jeffrey Dahmer. Dahmer killed a total of 17 known victims, all between the ages of 14 and 33. In his most recent murders, he often resorted to necrophilia, cannibalism, and permanent preservation of body parts (Ã¢â¬Å"Jeffrey Dahmer BiographyÃ¢â¬ ). The mother looks at what is left of her sonÃ¢â¬â¢s face, the face that once smiled to her every morning beforeRead MoreSerial Killers: Are They Born Or Made?. There Are Multiple1230 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSerial Killers: Are They Born or Made? There are multiple theories as to why or how a person can become a serial killer. A serial killer can be a person who murders at least three or more people over a long period of time (Ramsland). Are serial killers born with the need to kill or is it a result of a horrific childhood? These two concepts are associated with the nature vs. nurture theory. Ã¢â¬Å"People on the side of nurture are of the opinion that our environment determines who a person is and becomesÃ¢â¬ Read MoreSerial Killers in Modern Society1558 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSerial Killers in Modern Society Introduction For hundreds of years, serial killers have actually been a huge fascination all over the world. Even though society has an undeveloped idea as to what a serial killer is and how they function, there is much more to serial killers that people are probably unaware of. In spite of classic myths regarding serial killers which are displayed a lot in movies, this essay will recognize serial killers as irregular as the individual that utilizes various strategiesRead More The Psychology of Serial Killers Essay1687 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Psychology of Serial Killers Many things today confuse, yet enthrall the masses. War, murder, medical science, incredible rescues, all things you would see on The History Channel. There is another topic that is also made into documentaries however, serial killers. Dark twisted people that commit multiple murders are of interest to the population, but what caused them to be this way. What horrible tragic set of events could twist a man to murder one or many people. Could Schizophrenia, psychopathyRead MoreEssay Are Serial Killers Born or Made?1560 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMass MurderersÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Inside the Minds of Serial Killers,Ã¢â¬ both written by Kathertine Ramsland, provide information and evidence that killers are in fact made, not born. Some of the reasons that people believe that killers are made and not born are due to research by many psychiatrists on serial killers and mass murderers who are on death roe that have committed some of the most heinous crimes. One argument is that there is a set o f factors that make people kill which are neurologic damage, abuse, andRead MoreRhetorical Analysis : Dexter 1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRhetorical analysis. If you have ever been interested in the world of why serial killers kill, chances are you have done some research or even watched the insanely popular television show Dexter. Ã¢â¬Å"Dexter Morgan is a Forensics Expert, a loyal brother, boyfriend, and friend. That s what he seems to be, but that s not what he really is. Dexter Morgan is a Serial Killer that hunts the bad. (TV.com)Ã¢â¬ Dexter is a serial killer yet he works for the Miami Police Department in blood spatter forensics, becauseRead MoreThe Traits of a Serial Killer Present in James Clayton Vaughn Jr966 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescharacteristics that correlated to the serial killer he was. One may ponder what creates a serial killer and what exactly a serial killer is. There are many things that define a serial killerÃ¢â¬â¢s psyche antisocialism being one of the many. Moreover, Vaughn claimed to have certain compulsions that made him complete tasks that he ordinarily would not do which demonstrated him to have obsessive co mpulsive disorder. Another characteristic Vaughn displayed that he and his fellow serial killers shared were their psychopathic
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Fame and Fortune Throughout the years we have watched J.K. Rowling tower over all other authors in the world. Rowling went through many trials, tribulations and hard ships to be the great woman she is today. RowlingÃ¢â¬â¢s life is now in the public eye all because of one boy, Harry Potter. J.K. Rowling once said Ã¢â¬Å"I thought IÃ¢â¬â¢d written something that a handful of people might like. So this has been something of a shock.Ã¢â¬ - J.K. Rowling (Rowling J.K.). Subsequently RowlingÃ¢â¬â¢s life will be forever changed. Joanne Kathleen Rowling has demonstrated perseverance, determination and insight to become the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s best author. Joanne Kathleen RowlingÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood helped her become the person she is today. Rowling was born on July 31, 1965, inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The story was that of a mystery, the literary form that endows the Harry Potter novels (9). A year later, J.K. switched schools and attended Wayden Comprehensive. At her new school an English teacher, Mrs. Shepherd taught Rowling how to write tight structured sentences (10). As time passed and J.K. mind grew more and more creative, Jane Austen became JoanneÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite author. Her favorite novel by Jane Austen was entitled Emma (13). Family needs played an important role in J.K.Ã¢â¬â¢s development. In 1980 J.K.Ã¢â¬â¢s mother, Anne, was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (15). Multiple Sclerosis is caused by damage to the myelin sheath, the protective covering that surrounds nerve cells. When this nerve covering is damaged, nerve impulses are slowed down or stopped (multiple sclerosis). In the years 1980-1990 Anne Rowling battled this freighting disease. December 30, 1990 after years of battle with MS, Anne Rowling pasted away (Kirk). J.K. Rowling had many new challenges to face as a young adult. In 1991 J.K. Rowling moved to Oporto, Portugal to teach English as a foreign language, all in attempts to recover from her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s death the previous ye ar (Nel 19). According to Joanne Rowling, Ã¢â¬Å"The idea for Harry just kind of fell into my head.Ã¢â¬ (18). While sitting in a train heading to London Rowling, without a pen, sat and pondered about Harry Potter, not knowing that one day this will make her famous (18). We ask ourselves why Potter? RowlingShow MoreRelatedThe Brightest Of Her Age1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Brightest of Her Age: How Author JK Rowling Triumphed Over Poverty, Depression, and Became one of the Most Successful Authors in History Before Harry Potter was a best-selling novel, with a multimillion dollar business, a theme park, and several movies to its name, The Boy Who Lived was no more than an a couple of sentences, scribbled between the pages of a notebook. Long before her rise to fame, J.K. Rowling, author of historyÃ¢â¬â¢s best-selling fantasy series, spent several years in as a singleRead MoreThe Hero Archetype : An Exploration Into The Common Traits Of Fictitious Heroes1719 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Hero Archetype: An Exploration into the Common Traits of Fictitious Heroes through the Analysis of J.K. Rowling s Harry Potter and the Philosopher s Stone There is a common belief that all fictional heroes are different. After all, different situations require different methods and skill sets. Despite their differences, many heroes in works of fiction have three specific similarities: mysterious parentages, difficult childhoods, and the discovery of their destinies. These three traits makeRead MoreJ.k Rowling s The Lion, The Witch And The Wardrobe 1504 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJ.K Rowling was born in England on July 31, 1965, where she shares her birthday as of her fictional character, Harry Potter. Ever since she was a young girl, she has always been fascinated with the mystical side of the world. She started to love reading fables and tales at a very young age and found books like Ã¢â¬ËThe Lion, The Witch and the WardrobeÃ¢â¬â¢ by C.S Lewis to be one of her favourite childhood novels. JK Rowling recalls writing her first script at the age of 6 about a rabbit who got measles andRead MoreHarry Potter and the Philosophers Stone by J. K. Rowling2890 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesperiod of the book is an unspecified time, modern and roughly up-to-date. The story of Harry Potter came to J. K. Rowling on a train ride from Manchester to London in 1990. She was a single mother of a daughter and living on welfare in Edinburgh, Scotland, when she began to write the novel. She began writing in a cafÃ © while her baby, Jessica, napped. Rowling soon shot up to fame and fortune. Identify the genre specify how this work fits its characteristics: The genre is a fantasy tale, the tone isRead MoreBildungsroman Paper2281 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesthe outcome of a movie. When Forrest was young, he met a young girl on a bus to school named Jenny. As soon as he met her he said, Ã¢â¬Å"She was the most beautiful girl I ever did sawÃ¢â¬ (Groom). As time progressed, He and Jenny are separated by war, fame, fortune, drugs, and political movements of the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s. All this still could not keep them apart because of the love they shared for each other. GumpÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions in many parts of the movie are motivated by his passion for Jenny. He soon reunites with JennyRead MoreChildrens Literature13219 Words Ã |Ã 53 Pagesoffers a more relaxed picture of the stiff and authoritarian stereotype of family life, but it still sets the fictional pattern for girlhood in the later nineteenth century where the heroin is virtuous, comes from humble beginnings, achieves good fortunes, finds happiness in a handsome young man, and more or less grows into a sweet and submissive woman (Hunt 1995). Shortly thereafter, collections of folk tales and literary fairy tales, which were written in the manner of folk tales by a specific authorRead MoreSAT Top 30 Essay Evidence18536 Words Ã |Ã 75 Pages.................................................................... 27 Fiction and Literature: Hamlet by William Shakespeare (Ã¢â¬Å"To be? Or not to be?Ã¢â¬ ) ...................................................................... 29 Harry Potter by J.K. Rowling (Witches, Wizards, and Muggles!) .......................................................... 31 Lord of the Flies, by William Golding (Murderous schoolboys stranded on an island!) ......................... 33 The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The Male Brain Similarly to Loan Breezinesss The Female Brain, Lethe Male Brain takes us through the changes throughout the lifetime of a male brain. It breaks down each stage of a males life and takes a look at the happenings of their brains from boyhood, through their teen years, into relationships and children, finally ending with the mature male brain. The Male Brain explains many of the biological reasons, along with the learned reasons behind many of the common traits and behaviors found in males.The focus of this analysis will be on how male brains differ from females, and whether that gives them n advantage or disadvantage in work settings. It will include how the early development of boys brains effects their traits and personalities, how men and women differ when it comes to emotions, and how all of these things contribute to the historical stereotype that men are better leaders than women. As Brazening explained, from a very early age boys are interested in completely different things than girls.Although I dont agree with her idea that boys are programmed to act a certain way, believe that part of their traits belongs to their biological hardwiring and the other are due to their ultra and upbringing. As it says in The Male Brain, at a young age boys are more likely to take risks and break rules. This relates directly with Eagle and Carols Through the Labyrinth when they state women presumably evolved a strong concern with their own personal safety as well as tendencies to be fearful and anxious and to avoid danger and risk. These statements translate very well into the stereotypical man when it comes to his career. While most of the time women are afraid to take risks, as it said in the TED talk Why We Have Too Few Women Leaders, men are willing risk takers which leads to egger paybacks, especially in their careers. Women are also more concerned with how other people feel and everyone getting along, however beginning when boys are around a year old they begin ignoring their own mothers facial expressions. At this age, the opposite happens in little girls.They read and react to the slightest look of disappointment or anger on their mothers face almost immediately. This could contribute to the fact that when men grow up they are more self-centered and concerned with their own career, while women are worried about how others feel. Referring again to the TED elk View We Have Too Few Women Leaders, they stated that men are more likely to take credit for their own achievements, while women give a lot of credit to those who helped and supported them. This is one of the traits that men have which give them more opportunities to be promoted and join higher ranks in the work force.Another point that Brazening made was that during their younger years, boys are obsessed with and imitate their dads, uncles, or any other male role models that could be considered alpha males. Believe that this obsession with alpha males could lead to the strong drive hat men have to become one, whether it is in the ir home or their workplace. Again, strength and aggression are mentioned a lot. In her book Brazening states, by age two, a boys brain is driving him to establish physical and social dominance. All these traits and behaviors either taught or wired into boys at such a young age, all contribute to their actions and behavior as they grow older and climb the ladders in their careers. The common issue of men accuse women of being too emotional and women accuse men of not being emotional enough is explained very well in the male brain. From personal experience, I have seen relationships not work out just because one person doesnt feel the other is listening, or one doesnt react the way the other was hoping for. After reading this book I realize that all of this due to the fact that men and women process emotions differently.When faced with a problem, a man doesnt respond emotionally, instead his brain looks for a way to solve it. I think Brazening says it best when she states The male brain is a lean, mean, problem-solving machine. Faced with a personal problem, a man will use his analytical brain structures to find a solution. This leads to others getting annoyed by male responses because they feel as if their emotions are not being acknowledged and instead are being given advice and direction that they didnt want to hear. As hurtful as this can be in personal situations, I feel like it could be proven helpful in professional work situations.As it says in Eagle and Carry, women usually respond in a manner that acknowledges others rights and their own rights, giving a more emotional response. Men also react to situations by hiding their emotions. If they are scared or nervous their instincts tell them to mask that ND not show those feelings in their facial expressions. They learn at a young age that acting cool and hiding their fears are the unwritten laws of masculinity. believe that the differences in how men and women react to emotions and how they use their emotions gives men another advantage in the work force.After comparing both The Female Brain and The Male Brain, it has changed my views a little bit about how men are natural leaders. I believe that in our society today men are better suited to handle leadership roles. The use of their aggression and self-preservation is the type of traits that get people far in their careers in our world today. It is more likely that doing whatever it takes is hardwired into a males brain than females. In The Male Brain it says Instinctive male-male competition and hierarchical fighting is driven by both hormones and brain circuits. I interpret this as men having it built into their brains that they need to be the best no matter what. I dont feel like women have the same instincts. Women are more worried about how others feel and their emotions. As it says in Eagle and Carry, Women emerge more often than men as the social facilitators. This means that they trivet to help people get along but dont usually hold much power themselves. I believe that women dont hold as many executive jobs as men because to climb to those roles in todays society require someone who looks out for themselves before others.Another aspect of men fitting the leadership role better is due to the fact that they dont react to emotions as women do. The fact that men try to come up with solutions to problems is ideal for todays work force. The fact that they can pull of an instinctive poker face could also help when it comes to making deals, making tough decisions, ND controlling their emotions. However, I do believe that there are some leadership roles that require more of a womans emotions and consideration.That being said, those leadership roles usually arent what we think of in our society when we think of powerful leaders. All in all, after the comparison of the male and female brain I do believe that males have quite a few biological and cultural traits that give them an advantage over women in the workforce. Its not that I dont believe that women cant be successful, I just believe in order for them to climb the ladder n their careers, especially the corporate one, they need to learn some of the traits that men are born with.Eagle and Carry put it perfectly when they say Changes in the psychology of women and men follow f rom changes in their roles. The early development Of the brains Of boys, the differences in response to emotions between men and women, and the natural leadership qualities that men possess have been giving them an advantage in the work force. However, I feel that as society changes, women will be able to adapt and make more progress and become just as successful in their careers.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Written Speech on Teen Suicide Imagine you're standing atop a high bridge, you take a deep breath, say one last silent goodbye to your friends and family, and you leap to your death. By doing this, you're making a permanent solution to a temporary problem. You may be solving your own personal problem, but imagine the pain, suffering, and anguish that your friends, family, and peers go through. The people around you are wondering what was going through your mind and why you did it. Maybe you even told some of your friends that you were going to do it, and they didn't believe you, thinking it were a joke. You may have told your friends about your plans, but apparently your parents had no clue as to why you would choose to take your life, but this is the case with most teenage suicides. A lot of the time the parents don't have any clue that there was anything wrong in their children's lives, and also the teen's friends might have had some kind of clue, but they didn't do anything about it. Overall, they are left grieving their dead child or friend who took their own life away without any explanation. Sadly, teen suicide occurs nearly 5,000 times each year. Even more amazing is that 400,000 to 2 million teens attempt to commit suicide each year. Psychologists and therapists, teachers and school couslers, leaders of youth groups, and researchers who study society and young people have come up with a list of reasons as to why the teen decided to kill themselves. The list of culprits is long: too much divorce, too little religion, too much television, and too little communication between parents and children have been blamed. Absent parents, too much sexual freedom, widespread use of drugs and alcohol, too many guns, not enough love, and a world that seems hostile has also been blamed for pushing young people to their deaths. All these reasons have probably contributed to the suicides of teens, but none of them provide the final explanation as to what pushes the kids over the edge and why they choose to die. Maybe it's the peer pressure, or the painful reality of growing up in a time in your life where it's important to be accepted by your peers. Or maybe the teen is in a condition of extreme guilt or shame, they could be pregnant or might think they are pregnant and are ashamed to tell their parents. But the most concrete reason Psychologists say there is, is the severe depression some teens go through. They might have an extremely bad day or week when nothing seems to go right. Psychiatrists cite certain factors that often lead to depression; they include new surroundings, family problems, failure, the ending of a relationship, or death. And in some cases there seem to be no reasons at all. Just like the case of an African-American male named Todd Robinson, who was in the lower risk category for suicide. According to statistics, on any given day, only five African-American men can be expected to take their lives. On July 7, 1987 Todd became one of those men. He shot himself in the head in his room. His parents didn't expect anything. He just graduated from high school, had a bright future ahead of him, and didn't really have any physical or emotional problems. Even after they looked through his journal there wasn't really any clue, but his last entry read "Lately the thought of suicide has crossed my mind. I don't know why. I have a wonderful family and friends. I have an excellent future ahead of me. But I'm going to do it. Mom, Dad, don't fall apart." Sometimes there is just no explanation, again there really is no telling what goes on in kids minds as they contemplate taking their lives. The Centers for Disease Control report that between 1980 and 1993 the suicide rate has risen 120% for 10-14 year olds, and for 15-19 year olds it has risen almost 30%. Also, between 1970 and 1980 one out of every six Americans who committed suicide was a young person between the ages of 15 and 24. Studies in California and Kansas report that
Monday, March 9, 2020
Bulgarian-greek Cooperation For the Intergrated Water Management of The Mesta/Nestos Transboundary River Basin. Free Online Research Papers Bulgarian-greek Cooperation For the Intergrated Water Management of The Mesta/Nestos Transboundary River Basin. ABSTRACT The Mesta/Nestos River basin is one of the case studies of a FP5 European project Ã¢â¬Å"Iron CurtainÃ¢â¬ for development of a methodology and information basis for integrated regional planning and decision making support of sustainable regional development. Priority of the Mesta/Nestos River basin is the social and economical development of the transboundary region, common use of natural resources, and integrated water resources management in compliance with the new European Water Framework Directive. This second part of the paper presents a short analysis of water resources in the Bulgarian territory. The main problems of the Mesta water use and protection and Bulgarian measures to improve water quality are shortly discussed. The annual discharge of fresh water to Greek territory is estimated. To be able to avoid potential conflicts and issues and to ensure the success of sustainable regional development the paper recommends an approach of share Bulgarian-Greek use of the Mesta water in the framework of EU and forthcoming integrated river basin management. THE WATER RESOURCES In Bulgarian territory the Mesta River length is 129.5 km or about 50 % of the total length. There are 24 tributaries without the Dospatska river. Its tributaries rise from the highest Bulgarian mountains Rila, Pirin and West Rodhopi and they have high slope. The Dospatska/Despatis river is the biggest left-bank tributary in Greek territory, however almost all catchment area is in Bulgaria. The Mesta catchment is rich of water resources. At the territory is formed about 6.5 % of the Bulgarian fresh water discharge. The Mesta River and its wetlands is more natural and in a better state than many found in Europe, and may have less difficulty than expected in complying with the EU requirements, (WWF, 2000). It offers a great natural wealth and is among the pearls of Europe. There are 22 hydrometric gauging stations installed in the basin, from which 5 on main steam and rest on the tributaries. They all belong to the National river-monitoring network of Ministry of Environment and Water (MOEW). The distribution and density of the gauging stations is adequate for water-resource assessment of the territory. The Mesta River flow is estimated at the Bulgarian-Greek border, aiming to assess the average annual volume discharging into Greece. The assessment is based on 29 year series (1955 1983 inclusive) of measurement data from the Hadjidimovo gauging station closest to the Geek border (23 km), independent of water consumption in the basin and the volume of diverted water to other river basins. We consider such an approach as more objective because is difficult to evaluate the real water consumption and it may arise some pessimism of the border water balance on the basis of the so called natural discharge. The flow at the border is calculated according to (Ivanov et al., 2002): , m3/s where Q.?.. and Q.?.? are mean annual discharges at the border and the Hadjidimovo station respectively; Q..?.? = 30.695 m3/s for that period with variation coefficient ?v = 0.2569 and mean probability error ?0 = 4.77 %; F = 2768 km2 catchment area up to the border with average level of 1318 m a.s.l.; Fx = 2260 km2 catchment area with average level of 1310 m a.s.l; = 12,709 l/s/km2 basin discharge module at the border river section; = 13,582 l/s/km2 basin discharge module at the Hadjidimovo station. Then the average fresh water discharge to Greek territory is Q.?. = 35.178 m3/s and annual water volume is 1109.37 mln m3. With the same approach Q.?. = 41.533 m3/s according to the 1945/46 Ã¢â¬â 1974/75 data of hydro-metric register. 2. SOME FACTS OF WATER USE The Mesta River is used for: irrigation, domestic use, energy production, fishery, tourism, and waste disposal. 2.1 Industry and domestic needs An idea of potable and industrial water use in the basin can be obtained from the National Statistic Institute data (Ivanov et al., 2002), Figure 1. Here the drinking water consumption includes also its use for industrial consumption. Both surface- and ground-waters are used, and ground-waters account for significant percent. Almost all water is redirected back to the stream after its use, and this fact is essential when we tackle with water use and water balance. Figure 1. The Mesta basin water consumption for 1989 (mln cubic m). 2.2 For irrigation The amount of water used for irrigation has sharply declined in Bulgaria during transition. The problem is important for the future development of agriculture and allocation of the countrys water resource. A further study should concentrate on how institutional factors, in particular legal and de facto property rights on irrigation systems and irrigation governance, are affecting water usage. At the moment one can conclude that land fragmentation in the region in the wake of decollectivization and restitution has contributed to irrigation decline. However a study before 1989 shows that the total agricultural Mesta-valley land which might be irrigated accounts 18292 ha (Ivanov et al., 2002). The gross water volume for irrigation of those lands, if we accept 2000 m3/ha mean watering norm of all crops and a system efficiency 0.65, will be about 50 mln m3 annually. 2.3 For electric power production Small water-power stations have been constructed Toplika, Yakoruda, Razlog and Bansko with total power of 1.542 MW. In Dospat catchment area there are two dams Dospat dam and Shiroka poliana dam, which are utilizing for electro-production and for transferring of water to other river valley. The Mesta River has the highest water-power potential in comparison with the other river in the country (Figure 2), and very high specific water-power potential (Figure 3), which is utilized in Greek territory. Figure 2. The Mesta River power potential in comparison with other Bulgarian rivers. Figure 3. Specific water power potential of the main Bulgarian rivers at the state border. 2.4 Diverting to other river basins In spite of availability of many ideas and designs of total assimilation and use of the Mesta water, at the moment only few water transfers to internal territories are implemented. They are summarised as follows (Table 1, according to published design data): Table 1. Annual water volumes by project data diverted to other territories during winter and spring period. from To Project water volumes, mln m3 Granchar and Djefaritsa canals Belmeken dam 77.6 Veshteritsa and Kanina canals Dospat dam 68.7 Bistritza canal Dospat dam 18.0 Total 164.3 From the analysis of the Mesta-basin water consumption is evident that it is basically by domestic consumption, industrial consumption, and by irrigation, Figure 4. Figure 4. The Mesta basin total annual water consumption in mln m3. The total annual water need of the population in the basin is 84.822 mln m3, from which at the moment is consumed 17.22 mln m3 annually. SOME MEASURES AND RECOMMENDATIONS TO IMPROVE WATER QUALITY AND USE Bulgaria has always given attention to the protection of environment and water. 3.1 Programmes and Strategies Being Implemented (OECD, 2001): National Waste Management Programme (1999) National Programme for Priority Construction of Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) (1999) National Biodiversity Conservation Strategy (1999) and Action Plan (2000) National Programme for Phasing Out Production and Use of Leaded Petrol (1998) National Action Plan on Climate Change (2000) National PHARE Instrument for Structural Policies for pre-Accession (ISPA) Strategy Ã¢â¬â Sector Environment (1999) Programme for the Transposition and Implementation of EU Environmental Legislation (2000) Programme for Water Resources Conservation in conditions of Drought (2001) National Environmental Strategy and Action Plan 2000-2006 (2001) Being Prepared: River Basin Management Plans In order to realize sustainable development in the river basin and in accord with the international agreements, Bulgaria takes structural and non-structural measures to manage water resources as follows (MOEW, 2000): 3.2 Non-structural measures: Protection of important areas for water sources and conservation of forest and vegetation areas including reforestation; Optimization of water usage including improvement of excessive water use and optimization of water balance in the river basins through integrated operation of reservoirs and operation of intakes, irrigation systems, hydropower systems and water supply systems; Optimization of reservoir operation so that to keep sufficient base flow along the rivers for improving water quality and maintaining fauna and flora around the river courses. Provision of green belts along the river for controlling runoff of polluted water and suspended materials from non-point sources and soil erosion areas; Providing forest and vegetation for controlling soil erosion and runoff from contaminated areas of soil; Improve and strengthen monitoring and information systems. While both nations engage in some monitoring, at the international level there still is no effective monitoring and management of the Mesta River water quality. Since 1992 the Ministry of the Environment and Water (MOEW) has been responsible for monitoring and pollution control for all surface and underground water. Sampling and analyses of the water quality are performed by Regional Inspectorates for Environment and Water (RIEW) of MOEW. The major sources of water pollution in the Mesta region are municipal waste waters and industrial effluent, which are being released with inadequate or no treatment. These sources are generally being identified by the RIEW of MOEW. 3.3 Structural measures include: Improving water supply systems, irrigation systems, and hydropower facilities; Waste-water treatment plants (WWTPs) for municipal and industrial wastewater; Water recycle systems for the industries. Projects and constructions of WWTPs are planned to commence for Mesta basin. The National Program for priority construction of urban WWTPs for settlements with over 10000 equivalent inhabitants in Bulgaria includes especially for Mesta basin 2 new WWTPs and 1 for extension, reconstruction and modernization (Dontchev, 2001). Razlog is a small town in the Mesta valley with a population less than 13000, supplied with drinking water from central supply network, and currently about 90% of the population are serviced by the build sewerage. The commenced WWTP with full biological treatment will result in the removal of 85-95% of the incoming pollution load, and will serve more than 15000 inhabitants. The design is for extended aeration process and mechanical sludge treatment. 3.4 Financing and investments In difficult economic times it is mobilizing different sources of funding. Parts of the projects will be financed separately or jointly by State Budget, National Environment Protection Fund, the PHARE Program or other international sources. Direct budget subsidies for the environment from the state and municipal budgets are directed toward construction of town water purifying stations and depots for household wastes. However the share of these subsidies decreases permanently (from 37% in 1993 to 3% in 1996 of GDP). Figure 5 shows the site of Hadjidimovo monitoring station and the new Solid Waste Depo of town of Gotze Delchev, serving not only the town but also surrounding villages, total population about 23573 Figure 5. View of the Mesta river at the Hadjidimovo monitoring station situated at 23 km from the Greek border (last in Bulgarian territory) (left), and the new Solid Waste Depo of town of Gotze Delchev for population of 23573 (right). The National Environmental Protection Fund and Municipal Environmental Funds are effective sources of financing. They compensate for the lack of credit capital from trade banks. Using the principles the polluter pays and shared responsibility the National and Municipal Environmental Funds collect off-budget resources which are used for financing important investment projects. This type of financing is usually grant or credit without or with a low rate of interest for borrowers. The aim is to support environmental investment activities during the period of transition. The European Committee (PHARE and other programs) is funding monitoring stations, WWTPs, scientific studies of transboundary pollution, and the establishment of warning systems for the areas threatened by siltation and flooding. Such a station, as mentioned above, has been constructed recently in the northern section of the Mesta River. The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the UNDP also have funded proj ects designed to improve water management in Bulgaria. The WWTP for the town of Razlog has applied for financing by ISPA (Instrument for structural policies for preaccession). This investment is justified by the anticipated benefits to the natural resources development in the Mesta River as a transboundary water course and to the health of the community, as well as to the improvement of agriculture, fishing and property values (Dontchev, 2001). Thus the project is fully financed through grants, i.e.: PHARE CBC financial instrument 75%, and Bulgarian government grants 25%. 4. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS The main problems of the Bulgarian territory concerning the Iron Curtain project, identified during our field trips and Bulgarian-Greek common visits to the region in 2002, are : water resources of the region water quality the Network of river hydrometric stations solid waste and industrial waste treatment forest and its importance tourism infrastructure Having in mind the water-resource study in the region and the lack of an effective monitoring at international level, and to avoid possible issues between the two countries, a new water quality monitoring station closed to the Bulgarian-Greek border should be built. It will serve the two countries and will be a supporting point in the forthcoming integrated river basin management of the Mesta water. As the priority of the IC project is the social and economic development of the transboundary region and share use of natural resources, the integrated water resources management of the Mesta/Nestos River basin is a key topic. Environmental, economic, and social benefits that are likely to arise from the implementation of such a share use of water resources could be significant. Until 1989 almost all preliminary concepts of the experts and the numerous decisions concerning the use of the Mesta River waters in Bulgaria are based on the fundamental logic: after the complete satisfying of the necessities of the population in the catchment area in perspective, the residual water resource will be used through its transfer to other river valleys. (However there are realized projects for an insignificant part of the residual water resource.) This logic is preserved in the developed and developing project decisions after 1989, as the quantity of the residual flow is conformed with the requirements of the agreements between Bulgaria and Greece from the end of 1995 (State Gazette, 1996) concerning the Mesta River flow. ?his approach is logic and juristically well-grounded, but when the flow of a transboundary river between two neighbour (and beside that friendly) countries, with relatively close objectives within the framework of the European Community, comes into que stion, the problem ?f using the Mesta River flow, in our opinion, must be solved by ?stimating the benefits and damages for the both sides from the ?ventual transfer of about 450 Ã¢â¬â 500 mln m3 for an average year in other river valleys in Bulgaria. ?his undoubtedly depends on the good will of the both countries to search and find a decision, based on the economic balance, the mutual benefit and usefulness. Several large-scale reservoirs and water power stations are built in Greece, an acute shortage of irrigation water is felt ?nnually, complex ecological problems in the Mesta River delta are apparent even now, and if some 50% of the river flow, formed in the catchment area in Bulgaria along the Mesta River, are diverted, these problems will intensify and may take even a catastrophic turn. Obviously the river basin management and water use in the framework of the concepts and decisions of the EU are more than necessary in a situation like this, but not without the mutual benef it of the both sides and the good will of the both countries. This will is apparent from the Bulgarian side, not because we are candidate member of the EU, but because this is maybe the best that can be done for development of the region as a whole. It would be improvident to wait and to think that the question of the Mesta River flow can keep in future this present state, which is unfortunately favourable only for one of the sides. We hope that all these is understood not only by the experts and scientists, but also by the politicians of the both countries. We need to unite the scientific and political thought with the economic practice. The challenge lies in raising the political will to implement water-related commitments. Water professional need a better understanding of the broader social, economic, and political context, while politicians need to be better informed about water-resources issues. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AND DISCLAIMER The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by the European Commissions Fifth Framework Programme, part Quality of life and management of living resources, contract reference: QLRT-CT-2001-01401. The authors are solely responsible for the content and it does not represent the opinion of the Community, the Community or Bulgarian Academy of Sciences is not responsible for any use that might be made of data therein. REFERENCES Dontchev, V. Implementation of the requirements of Directive 91/271/EC in Bulgaria. Financing of the urban waste water treatment plants Ã¢â¬âexamples., Workshop on Implementation of the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive in Rural Areas, 14-16 November 2001, Magdeburg, Germany. Ivanov, I., E. Bournaski, L. Apostolova (2002) Water problems of the Mesta/Nestos transboundary river in the Bulgarian territory, (submited for publication). Ministry of the Environment and Water, Bulgaria, 2000, National strategy, Environment sector. OECD (2001) Environmental Information Systems in Bulgaria. An OECD Assessment, 2001, olis.oecd.org State Gazette, Bulgaria, 19.09.1996 WWF, (2000) WWFs Water and Wetland Index, panda.org/europe/freshwater. 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Saturday, February 22, 2020
Changes in Roles of African Women Triggered by Colonial Rule - Essay Example The period of colonization initiated discomfort and trust issues between the British and Agikuyu(Finke, par 2). Even though the regions of Kenya were unknown to the British, they immediately chose regions of Kenya that had contents of resources that were of great value to the economy. By this, the British ensured that there would be less cost in running administrative affairs of a colony. The Agikuyutribe was spread in central Kenya, and the area was densely fertile. The new colonists took benefit of the fertile land by farming on a large basis. They farmed extensively because there were scarce resources (Finke, par 7). Due to this act of the colonists, the Agikuyu had to leave some of their lands. The domestic and other roles of women such as cooking, bearing children, mat weaving, transportation of goods and going to the marketplace had changed due to the effect of the colonists. The locals had lost their lands due to compulsion from the colonists. These events changed the perspect ive of the women in several ways (Turner, par. 16).Introduction of Christianity:The first and foremost that the colonists brought about in women were change in beliefs. The locals had believed in traditional beliefs but as per changer, they converted to Christianity. This change of faith was spread through the colonies (Afrikan Eye, par. 8). Another change in the Kikuyu women was a change of roles. The women previously were labors but after the colonial rule they lost control of their products and were paid for their work.